The Bionic Mouse
Mice lacking the glycolytic enzyme glucokinase in the pancreas normally never live beyond a few days. The white mouse in the picture lacks glucokinase, but also lacks potassium channels. For this reason it bypasses the need for glucose metabolism in insulin secretion. It remains small and unhealthy but -critically- it can survive (Remedi et al. 2005 Diabetes 54, 2925–2931).
Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus is Genetic and Inherited
A genetically modified mouse model of Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus reiterated the main features of the human disease: increased blood glucose with development of severe diabetes induced by lack of insulin secretion in response to glucose. As diabetes progresses, these mice show reduction in body weight, among other whole body abnormalities (Remedi et al. 2009 Cell Metabolism, 9, 140-151).
Islets from normal mouse pancreas contain lots of insulin that is released to maintain blood glucose at normal levels. Mice –and people– that express a genetic mutation in potassium channel suffer Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus. The mouse model reveals complex secondary changes, including unexpected disappearance of insulin and glucagon from the islets. Importantly, these consequences are prevented by maintenance of normal blood glucose by either islet transplantation or chronic antidiabetic sulfonylurea therapy (Remedi et al. 2009 Cell Metabolism, 9, 140-151).
Loss of β-cell Identity: to be or not to be? A Reversible Process
The marked reduction of insulin-containing β-cells in severely diabetic mice (untreated) is not due to increased cell death (TUNEL), but instead to β-cell dedifferentiation to islet progenitor cells (Neurogenin3, Ngn3 positive red nuclei). Strikingly, this process is reversible with the same dedifferentiated cells re-differentiating to mature insulin-containing β-cells following normalization of blood glucose by intensive insulin therapy (treated) (Wang et al. 2014, Cell Metabolism 19:872-882), challenging the paradigm of permanent β-cell damage in long-standing diabetes.
Antidiabetic Sulfonylureas: Transient vs Permanent Neonatal Diabetes?
Antidiabetic sulfonylurea therapy at disease onset can cause remission of Neonatal Diabetes in mice (Remedi at al., 2008 PLoS Medicine 5(10):1473-1485; Remedi et al. 2011, Diabetes 60: 2515-22). Strikingly, remission of Neonatal Diabetes has also been shown in patients treated with sulfonylureas very early (Marshall et al. 2015, Diabetes care 38:e38-e39)
The Hyperactive Mouse
Neurological features in mice expressing mutant channels in the brain. Hyperactivity, impaired motor coordination and balance, decreased muscle strength (unpublished data).
848 Southwest Tower (Medical campus)
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846 Southwest Tower (Medical campus)
Lab Phone (314) 747-0437
660 S. Euclid Ave.
Campus Box 8127
St. Louis, MO 63110
Currently seeking graduate students, post-docs and research fellows.
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Esmeralda was born in Inirida, Colombia. She earned her bachelor’s degree in Biology from the Pontifical Xavierian University in Colombia. Then, Esmeralda moved to Spain where she got a M.S. in Microbiology at the Autonomous University of Barcelona in 2008. She then completed her PhD at the University of Lleida in Spain in 2014. Her doctoral research focused on identifying protein and miRNA profiles of value for the diagnosis and/or prediction of thyroid cancer prognosis. For the last six years, her investigation focused on characterizing cardiovascular complications as a subclinical atherosclerotic disease by imaging techniques and its characterization and discovering potential new biomarkers of this condition in prediabetes 1 and type 2 diabetes in Barcelona. Dr Castelblanco joined Dr Remedi’s lab in December 2020. She is currently studying secondary consequences of diabetes in pancreatic an extra-pancreatic tissues in mouse models of diabetes.
Senior Research Technician
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Zihan was born and raised in China. She earned her B.S. in Bioengineering from Jilin University, China. Upon graduation, Zihan moved to St. Louis and earned an M.S. in Biomedical Engineering from Saint University in 2012. Zihan has been working with Dr. Maria Remedi since 2013. In the meanwhile, she completed her M.A. in Statistics at Washington University in 2017. Zihan is interested in dietary effects, drug treatment and genetic changes of Neonatal Diabetes. She is also involved in some studies related to Cantu syndrome. When not in lab, Zihan enjoys photography, traveling, gardening, and spending time with her husband and two children.
Doctoral Student, DBBS Graduate Research Assisstant
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Shaul was born and grew up in Stony Brook, New York. He received his B.S. in Neural Science and B.A. in Psychology from New York University. Shaul then came to Washington University in St. Louis to pursue a PhD in Neuroscience and joined the lab of Dr. Maria Remedi. His doctoral work focuses on the origins of cognitive deficits in mouse models of neonatal diabetes, which he investigates utilizing a combination of animal behavior studies, electrophysiology, and immunohistochemistry. Outside of the lab, he enjoys climbing and outdoor activities.
Doctoral Student, DBBS Pre Doc Trainee
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Sumit was born in Eldoret, a town located in the Great Rift Valley in Kenya. He attended St. Cloud State University in St. Cloud, Minnesota, where he graduated with a B.S. in Biotechnology. He then enrolled in a Master of Science in Biology program at the University of Louisiana at Monroe. He worked on the molecular and physiological mechanisms by which obesity predisposes humans to disease utilizing Drosophila melanogaster as a model. Upon completion of his Master’s in 2020, he moved on to pursue his Ph.D. in Molecular Cell Biology program at Washington University in St. Louis. He joined the lab of Dr. Maria Remedi to understand the underlying mechanisms in the development and progression of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and to determine the role of autophagy in diabetes. During his free time, he enjoys watching sports (a big fan of Manchester United), reading and being outdoors.
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Carly is an undergraduate student majoring in Psychological Brain & Sciences and on the pre-medical track at Washington University in St. Louis (Class of 2021). She is involved in Life Outside Violence, an organization that assists gun-shot victims in the St. Louis area and is a former member of the Varsity Women’s Tennis team. Outside of the lab, she enjoys running, traveling, and listening to music. Carly joined the Remedi Lab in 2020, she is performing her Bio500 research under the direction of Dr Esmeralda Castelblanco and Dr Maria Remedi.
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Sophia is an undergraduate student majoring in Biology on the Molecular Biology and Biochemistry track and minoring in Psychological and Brain Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis (Class 2023). Sophia is also on a pre-medical track. She is involved in China Care, an organization focused on connecting Chinese adoptees in the St. Louis area with Chinese culture, as well as Firm Foundations, a volunteer-based tutoring center serving the St. Louis community. Outside of the lab, she enjoys cooking, baking, drawing, and taking care of her plants. Sophia joined the Remedi Lab in 2019, she is performing her Bio200 research under the direction of Dr. Amy Clark and Dr. Maria Remedi.
Lena is an undergraduate student majoring in Biology on the Molecular Biology and Biochemistry track at Washington University in St. Louis (Class of 2024). Lena is also on a pre-medical track. She is involved with Habitat for Humanity, an organization focused on eliminating poverty and providing housing for individuals in the St. Louis area. Outside of the lab she enjoys hiking, baking, and going to the movies. Lena joined the Remedi Lab in 2021; she is performing research under the direction of Dr Esmeralda Castelblanco and Dr. Maria Remedi.
Former Lab Members
Zeenat Asghar Shyr – Postdoctoral Fellow. 2016-2019
Manuela Fortunato – Research Technician. 2017-2018
Christopher Emfinger – PhD student, graduated in 2018
Hannah Conway – Research Technician I, 2016-2019
Alecia Welscher – Research Technician I, 2014-2016
Zhiyu Wang – Clinical Fellow, Washington University
Reka Lorincz – Visiting PhD student, University of Innsbruck – Austria 2017-2018
Stephanie Schiffert NIH Medical Student Summer Research Program, University of Central Florida. 2019
William McAlister- NIH Medical Student Summer Research Program, Brody School of Medicine. 2018
Erin Lindsey – NIH Medical Student Summer Research Program, Saint Louis University. 2017
Amanda Piaruli – NIH Medical Student Summer Research Program, Drexel University. 2016
Gabrielle McGinn – Undergraduate student, Washington University. 2019-2020
Matt Fuess – Undergraduate student, Washington University. 2018-2020
Erin Egan – Undergraduate student, Washington University. 2017-2019
Yixi Wang – Undergraduate Student, Washington University. 2016-2018
Arsam Nadeem – Undergraduate Student St. Louis College of Pharmacy. 2016
Leah Yuan – Undergraduate Student, Washington University. 2015-2017
Betsy Abraham- Undergraduate Student St. Louis College of Pharmacy. 2016
Nihar Shah –Undergraduate student, Washington University. 2015-2016
Jonathan Friedman – Undergraduate student, Washington University. 2012-2014
Bailee Rasmussen – Undergraduate summer student, Utah State University. 2019
Eric Hilker – Undergraduate summer student, Truman University 2016
Mariana Alisio – Undergraduate summer student – Washington University, 2015
Hannah Conway – Undergraduate summer student, Loyola University, 2015
Nathan York – Undergraduate summer student, University of Missouri, 2011, 2012
Felesha Clake – High School student, St Louis, 2015